Abstract: Daisy is the heroine of the Fitzgerald's novel the Great Gatsby, she is Gatsby obsessed lover and rude rich class representative Tom Buchanan's wife. From the personal behavior, voice tone and evaluation of others can be attributable to the negative image sequence, from the point of view of society, patriarchal thinking in-depth analysis of the character formation reason, she is a pitiful victim; the embodiment of the character is the tragic view of life and the epitome of American society, for our literature window observation society, on life provides the sample.
Key words: "the great Gatsby" ;daisy; tragedy;
Great Gatsby mainly reflects the spirit of people in the United States before and after the first World War and the state of mind. To change the background of American people's values during the first World War, "tells the story of two men and a woman of love and money" story, which has successfully created complex and real typical characters of American social image, but also shows the young people in the United States and corrupt life, blind self-confidence, also reflects the they enjoy in the pursuit of luxury material showing the lost spiritual wasteland and moral decay heroine Daisy is one of the key figures in the novel Daisy is rude wealthy on behalf of Tom Buchanan's wife, the protagonist Gatsby's lover, the narrator Nick's cousin, she was born in a rich one beauty, charming, dressed in the appearance of her angel holy but in the patriarchal oppression was eventually killed the murderer Cibi as a lamb.
2 Daisy image interpretation
2.1 pure Daisy
Daisy was born in a rich, upper class families, young, beautiful, lively, overflowing glorious she is the party's focus is the pursuit of many young men. Among the many suitors, Daisy chose the Midwest rural handsome, graceful bearing young lieutenant Gatsby. Two people attract each other, deeply in love. Simple naive Daisy like other girls of the same age in as the vortex of love sweet love, eager to like the freedom of a bird in the wings and fly to Gatsby caused by different new world. At this time of daisy is full of expectations for the love of the beautiful, and, Behold, their love was the daisy family stonewalled, and Gatsby was also transferred to France. But Daisy and not so and Gatsby, break up, and she was constantly are in looking forward to his return as soon as possible, in fact Gatsby's love for Daisy from the start is a kind of cheating, he is by means of cheating has Daisy's trust her heart and love. A Gatsby of Daisy's pursuit and not out of genuine love, but young men face a pure kind, beautiful young ladies a impulse. His attitude of emotion is extremely serious; on the other hand from inside him to Daisy even all women hold a disrespectful attitude, and this was patriarchal patriarchal ideas so he will to deceive the means to obtain Daisy trust.
2.2 common Daisy
And Gatsby's break up, and Tom's marriage declared the daisy pure fantasy era came to an end, she also by a naive and kind-hearted girl change for a selfishness and indifference of materialism Daisy and Tom luxury wedding sensation, sweet married life not only dilute the broke up with Gatsby for the pain and made her slowly forget Gatsby, in love injured hopes to marriage Daisy again wholeheartedly into the Gatsby's gone bring emotional Daisy's great blow, she longed for love, she tried to hold marriage husband love in return, it will appear. Even if he (Tom) to leave for a while, she will (DAISY) hung up four look "," a way "," driven to distraction until Tom appeared in the doorway "Daisy's obsession with Tom is out of emotional needs, but also was a patriarchal society is mainly male social and absolute the main body of the reality for no economic status is that her husband Daisy she in the society exists and based on support, so she and Tom's marriage is full of infinite hope but this sweet life did not last long, Tom has shattered the doings of her fantasy Tom Belial Qing brutal, vicious, whoring, lasciviousness during their honeymoon he with the hotel maid. She settled in West Egg outside this nurturing lover On mentally or physically for Daisy has caused tremendous damage to Daisy unbearable is the lover of Tom are mostly from the bottom of the society which deeply hurt pride, beauty, conceited Daisy, made her fantasy of love and marriage has been a heavy blow in conversation with Nick and Daisy a deep frustration and suffering. She said she had a very bad period of Tom in the daughter when I do not know where to go in search of the feelings of the road again suffering Daisy has become, so she became a detest the world and its ways of indifference in morality, sophisticated individuality in her gradually become egoistic。
3 .the Personal Causes of Daisy's Tragedy
3.1 Daisy's Family Tragedy
From the above paragraph, Daisy was born in a wealthy family. "The largest of the banners and the largest of the lawns belonged to Daisy Fay's house.”
Her family was fame and prestige. Daisy has many pursuers, owing to her beauty and her rich family. Daisy was a pure angel and dream lover of many young boys, including Gatsby. When she was young enough, Daisy was young and imaginable; she wants to pursuit her Mr. Right.
"When I came opposite her house that morning her white roadster was beside the curb, and she was sitting in it with a lieutenant I had never seen before. They were so engrossed in each other that she didn't see me until I was five feet away. `Hello Jordan,' she called unexpectedly. `Please come here.' I was flattered that she wanted to speak to me; because of all the older girls I admired her most. She asked me if I was going to the Red Cross and make bandages. I was. Well, then, would I tell them that she couldn't come that day? The officer looked at Daisy while she was speaking, in a way that every young girl wants to be looked at sometime, and because it seemed romantic to me I have remembered the incident ever since."
From Nickel' narratives, the conclusion was that Daisy and Gatsby was falling in love. Gatsby had become a very important person in Daisy's life. Daisy was noble, but Gatsby was humble. In the eyes of the psychoanalysts a person's lower state usually gave rise to two outcomes either to remain low situation and in passivity depending on one's internal desire and stimulus, or to rise above others and achieve more in life or career. Gatsby's love for Daisy from his eyes, and every girl wants this love. As far as Gatsby, he is classified as the second class. He didn't have enough confidence. In face of the well-off woman he feels much inferior to her .What he would grasp and make use of is only his possessions, that is, his true love, young and handsome. According to Sigmund Freud, The unconscious plays a crucial role in a person's mental activity and it is the foundation of all the motives and intentions.As far as Daisy concerned her tremendous vanity in the later lover selection, and the shame to poverty are the display of her unconsciousness, And in the meantime something that mirrors the other side is her desire for the material wor-Id.
"Wild rumors were circulating about her -how her mother had found her packing her bag one winter night to go to New York and say goodbye to a soldier who was going overseas. She was effectually prevented, but she wasn't on speaking terms with her family for several weeks. After that she didn't play around with the soldiers any more but only with a few flat-footed, short-sighted young men in town who couldn't get into the army at all."This is an unsuccessful fight between Daisy and her family. Daisy wants to contradict the conventionally acceptable mode of womanhood. The profound reason is the existence of the patriarchal society and family. The importance of daisy's tragedy is that her love，either as a victim or martyr, will arouse people's sympathy for women's position in the society. Although Daisy was born in a wealthy family, she still has the freedom of choosing her lover and marriage. She was suppressed by some rules to marry with a wealthy man regardless of emotion or love between them. It is existed in dramatic, not narrative form, and obtain through the representation of pitiful and frightened incidents, the refine of such incidents.
3.2 Daisy's Personal Character of Tragedy
Firstly，Daisy is a bright and absorbing character of gentleness, purity, and kindness. That is the reflection of Id. She loves Gatsby from instinct love and from the bottom of heart. "I was flattered that she wanted to speak to me, because of all the older girls I admired her most. She asked me if I was going to the Red Cross and make bandages.'' From Nick' narratives, we can infer that Daisy and Gatsby was falling in love. This vague image of daisy will finally decide her marriage. She wants to rebel with her rich lifestyle and give up the material reality. An indescribable oppression，which seemed to generate from feminist's point of view. Feminist's consciousness is showed in Daisy's running away secretly to pursue the one she loves.
Secondly, Daisy has changed her attitude owing to the opposition of her parents. She refused on the surface; however, she accepted the designed marriage in her later life. The ego is indirect contact with reality in which Daisy's lust for the rich and noble life. "In June she married Tom Buchanan of Chicago with more pomp and circumstance than Louisville ever knew before. He came down with a hundred people in four private cars and hired a whole floor of the Sellback Hotel, and the day before the wedding he gave her a string of pearls valued at three hundred and fifty thousand dollars."In the eyes of the psychoanalysts, a person's inferior state frequently leads to two outcomes, either to rise above others and achieve better in life or career, or to remain low place and in passivity, depending on one's inner desire and incentive. As far as Daisy is concerned, she is classified as the second kind. She lacks enough confidence in the wealth; even she has no ability to fight with her family. Later her husband has other lover, she often chooses crying or opening one eye, and closing the other in front of the wealthy men: She feels like she wants to divorce with her husband, but she cannot refuse the wealth and money. From Freud, the unconscious plays a key role in a person's mental activity and it is the source of all the motives and intentions. As far as Daisy is concerned, her extreme vanity, her dislike of poverty, which represented her unconscious. And in the time of marriage life that mirrors the other side-desire for the material world. Since Gatsby is motivated by her unconscious to seek satisfaction regardless of rational consideration. In Daisy's thought, the rich girl cannot marry with poor boy. So the vanity is harmful to her and also is the impetus of motivation of being a successful Gatsby. Daisy is willing to draw on her marriage, her beauty and sexual attractiveness to trade with class-up fate. This sets the tone of her behavior displayed in later life her sorrowful ending. Purity is what the readers see from the surface appearance .She does have an inborn disgust for Poverty and lust for the material world. Material things are more attractions to her which exerts overwhelming influence on her.
"Here, dears. She groped around in a waste-basket she had with her on the bed and pulled out the string of pearls. `Take `em downstairs and give `em back to whoever they belong to. Tell `em all Daisy's change' her mine. Say `Daisy's change' her mine!'She began to cry-she cried and cried. I rushed out and found一her mother's maid and we locked the door and got her into a cold bath. She wouldn't let go of the letter. She took it into the tub with her and squeezed it up into a wet ball, and only let me leave it in the soap dish when she saw that it was coming to pieces like snow. But she didn't say another word. We gave her spirits of ammonia and put ice on her forehead and hooked her back into her dress and half an hour later when we walked out of the room the pearls were around her neck and the incident was over. Next day at five o'clock she married Tom Buchan-a without as much as a shiver and started of on a three months' trip to the South Seas."
After Gatsby's gone, she is a two-facet woman with the money and true love in tangle of Gatsby. Daisy got married with her husband. Her problem is that she can not bring back the sense of self she felt when she first quarrels with her mother. From this, Daisy obsessed about the luxury life .She vas still thinking of Gatsby .She was still under the enchantment of the conflict and despair ,She had tried to forget him, being aware that the useless Of remembering. "String of pearls" is a sign or a symbol of abandoning with the love with Gatsby. Gatsby never abandon his love with Daisy. Regardless of contraction with conflict and struggle the superego wins. Hence, Daisy is self-centered and vanity, which is the cause of her tragedy of marriage and life. "She wouldn't let go of the letter".represents her fear of facing the strong love from Gatsby. She determined to be a wife of a wealthy man. Daisy is. the golden girl of dammed and insatiable under the coat of her beautiful outlook. She has the butterfly spirit of wealthy for the reason that she dwelt on piles of money. As an old Chinese saying goes, "The pity men must have the pitiful and heartless characters of one" .She changed frequently from being a girl to a woman and lastly buried hers future and love in·dust whereas Gatsby fell down in the blood, no one could ever see her loveliness with the voice full of money and hypocritical again.
4.The Social Causes of Daisy's Tragedy
The cover of the novel design reflects colorfully the reality of the society described in the novel. In contemporary society, the deluxe life, and nonstop parties are the embodiment of personal success and the realization of American dream. It is also the 、exonerate representation of the features of that unstable, pleasure society. At the same time not all people at that time feel happy and satisfactory .Fitzgerald embodies in the cover his attitude clearly. He sees obviously the thicker shadows under the dazzling light and the loveliness and loneliness after that pair of eyes. The dark blue night sky and the drop frequently is the warning to the society and tot hose indulging people.“When the `Jazz History of the World' was over girls were putting their heads on men's shoulders in a puppyish, convivial way, girls were swooning backward playfully into men's arms, even into groups knowing that some one would arrest their falls-but no one swooned backward on Gatsby and no French bob touched Gatsby's shoulder and no singing quartets were formed with Gatsby's head for one link."Gatsby often gave parties; many people join in the parties and live a luxurious life. This passage is the reflection of Jazz Age. In this age, girls worship the rich boy, and gossip about the background of Gatsby. "Something in her tone reminded me of the other girl's `I think he killed a man,' and had the effect of stimulating my curiosity." In the people's eyes, Gatsby's success is not possible, he must have done some illegal activities in order to gather his prosperity, and therefore, they are jealousy and suspect the resource of his money. In the jazz age, the people's way of thinking is indulging, suspicious and hostile; they believe that people don't get large money through his powers.
Consequently, the jazz age has a great influence on Daisy's tragedy. Daisy is the last one to know his husband's Infidelity. She is the victim of the jazz age as well. In that age, women's marriage was restricted by the religion.“‘You see?' Cried Catherine triumphantly. She lowered her voice again. `It's really his wife that's keeping them apart. She's a Catholic and they don't believe in divorce.' Daisy was not a Catholic and I was a little shocked at the elaborateness of the lie." .Other's comments on Daisy show that Daisy is hard-pressed by her .marriage. She pretends herself as a Catholic who abstain the pity of her ill-fated marriage. We can see that in this age, the women's position is rather low; although they know their marriage is a snare, they are deceitful to continue their broken marriage.
 Freud,Sigmund.New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis.. . 1965
 Friedrich Nietzsche.The Birth of Tragedy. . 1995
 Fusscll,Edwin.The great Gatsby:a study on Fitzgerald. . 1962
 Korenman,Joan S.Another Look at Daisy Buchanan. American Literature . 1975
 Lehan,Richard.The great Gatsby, the limits of wonder. . 1990
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